Monday, January 14, 2019

Behave: The Biology of Humans at Our Best and Worst

by Robert M. Sapolsky
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Named a Best Book of the Year by The Washington Post and The Wall Street Journal

From the celebrated neurobiologist and primatologist, a landmark, genre-defining examination of human behavior, both good and bad, and an answer to the question: Why do we do the things we do?

Sapolsky's storytelling concept is delightful but it also has a powerful intrinsic logic: he starts by looking at the factors that bear on a person's reaction in the precise moment a behavior occurs, and then hops back in time from there, in stages, ultimately ending up at the deep history of our species and its evolutionary legacy.

And so the first category of explanation is the neurobiological one. A behavior occurs--whether an example of humans at our best, worst, or somewhere in between. What went on in a person's brain a second before the behavior happened? Then Sapolsky pulls out to a slightly larger field of vision, a little earlier in time: What sight, sound, or smell caused the nervous system to produce that behavior? And then, what hormones acted hours to days earlier to change how responsive that individual is to the stimuli that triggered the nervous system? By now he has increased our field of vision so that we are thinking about neurobiology and the sensory world of our environment and endocrinology in trying to explain what happened.

Sapolsky keeps going: How was that behavior influenced by structural changes in the nervous system over the preceding months, by that person's adolescence, childhood, fetal life, and then back to his or her genetic makeup? Finally, he expands the view to encompass factors larger than one individual. How did culture shape that individual's group, what ecological factors millennia old formed that culture? And on and on, back to evolutionary factors millions of years old.

The result is one of the most dazzling tours d'horizon of the science of human behavior ever attempted, a majestic synthesis that harvests cutting-edge research across a range of disciplines to provide a subtle and nuanced perspective on why we ultimately do the things we do...for good and for ill. Sapolsky builds on this understanding to wrestle with some of our deepest and thorniest questions relating to tribalism and xenophobia, hierarchy and competition, morality and free will, and war and peace. Wise, humane, often very funny, Behave is a towering achievement, powerfully humanizing, and downright heroic in its own right.

(Excerpt from amazon.com)

不如去闖:年輕不是迷茫的藉口

李柘遠
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18歲,挑戰第一個不可能的任務,
以90天的行動計畫突圍,全額獎學金錄取耶魯。

22歲,以行動打破迷茫,
用To-do list實踐目標,成功入職高盛投資銀行。

24歲,放棄投行明星分析師的光環與高薪,
衝出舒適圈為熱愛而努力,創立旅遊品牌「牛游果」

25歲,在創業中場重新充電,考取哈佛商學院。

在這個不缺少夢想的時代,
他說:「成功需要的是更多的自勵心×規畫力×執行力。」

作者李柘遠以行動和實踐完成夢想,
堅持不只呈現在嚴謹的計畫中,也在每一次的行動裡,
本書不僅是他進入世界級名校、全球五百大知名企業的教戰守則,
更以四十篇個人故事,講述在耶魯、高盛、創業和哈佛的見聞,
提供了年輕人可以實踐夢想的完整計畫。

如果你還在:
思考生命的意義,懷疑自己懷疑人生。
對那些人生勝利組,各種羨慕嫉妒恨。
說是很會說,但就是遲遲無法行動……

他說:「與其在起點抱怨,不如從現在開始,闖出1的驚喜。」

(摘錄自博客來網路書店)


Monday, January 7, 2019

A World of Three Zeros: The New Economics of Zero Poverty, Zero Unemployment, and Zero Net Carbon Emissions

by Muhammad Yunus
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A winner of the Nobel Peace Prize and bestselling author of Banker to the Poor offers his vision of an emerging new economic system that can save humankind and the planet

Muhammad Yunus, who created microcredit, invented social business, and earned a Nobel Peace Prize for his work in alleviating poverty, is one of today's most trenchant social critics. Now he declares it's time to admit that the capitalist engine is broken--that in its current form it inevitably leads to rampant inequality, massive unemployment, and environmental destruction. We need a new economic system that unleashes altruism as a creative force just as powerful as self-interest...

In A World of Three Zeros, Yunus describes the new civilization emerging from the economic experiments his work has helped to inspire. He explains how global companies like McCain, Renault, Essilor, and Danone got involved with this new economic model through their own social action groups, describes the ingenious new financial tools now funding social businesses, and sketches the legal and regulatory changes needed to jumpstart the next wave of socially driven innovations. And he invites young people, business and political leaders, and ordinary citizens to join the movement and help create the better world we all dream of.

(Excerpt from amazon.com)

規模的規律和祕密:老鼠、小鳥、雞、大象,和我們居住的城市,隱藏規模縮放的規律, 掌握其中驚奇的祕密,也同時掌握企業和地球的未來 (Scale)

傑弗里‧魏斯特 (Geoffrey West)
online access from EBSCOhost Ebooks
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1.比擬《槍炮、病菌與鋼鐵》的科普大作。試圖提供一切事物一個生物性理論。

2.以打破傳統學科界線的方法,解決長期的全球永續問題。本書以複雜科學立論,這是一門新興學科,橫跨數學、物理學、動力學、統計、電腦科學、生物學、生態學領域,企圖以此解釋生命問題:包括生命起源、生物演化,以及經濟演化等等。

3.一本充滿令人興奮觀念的大書。本書極具原創性與重要性,內含看似彼此無關的主題的驚人洞見,例如老化與死亡、睡眠、代謝、城市、能源使用、創造力、公司,甚至人類生存的永續問題。如果你對世界的真正運作方式感到好奇,絕對不要錯過這本書。

4.對於現代社會與經濟、新創公司、大型企業與城市發展的基本科學法則,提出非常強有力的全新見解。企業執行長、技術專家、市長、都市領導人與任何想理解形塑我們複雜組織的世界背後的簡單法則,一定要讀這本書。

規模比例大小,很有事!
宇宙世界運作的祕密全都和規模有關,
它背後神奇的縮放法則顯示,規模主宰了一切生命的存在與消亡,
從細胞到城市,從企業到環境生態系統,從千分之一秒到一千年,
本書帶你在生命的複雜中尋找簡單與一致。
  
•當城市與公司的規模加倍時,會發生什麼事?
•如果一棟建築物、一架飛機、一個經濟體或一隻動物的尺寸減半呢?
•如果某城市的人口變成兩倍,道路會不會也大約變成兩倍、犯罪率也變兩倍、專利也變兩倍?
•如果某公司的銷售加倍,獲利會不會也跟著加倍?
•如果某隻動物的體重減半,需要的食物是不是也只要一半? ......

(摘錄自博客來網路書店)